Memorial Museum of the artist N. A. Yaroshenko
Stavropol Krai, Kislovodsk, street name Yaroshenko 1
Web site: http://museumyaroshenko.ru/
Memorial Museum of the artist N. A. Yaroshenko is located in the historical center of the resort town of Kislovodsk. From 1885 to 1915, the summer country estate belonged to the family of the St. Petersburg artist-Peredvizhnik, Major General of Artillery Nikolai Alexandrovich Yaroshenko (1846-1898). His friends came here to rest - D. Mendeleev, V. Solovyov, G. Uspensky, M. Nesterov, I. Repin, A. Kuindzhi. F. has been here before. Chaliapin, L. Sobinov, K. Stanislavsky and many others.
The last days of N. A. Yaroshenko's life were spent in Kislovodsk. Next to the estate, in the fence of St. Nicholas Cathedral, the grave of the artist. The general concept of the monument belongs to N. N. Dubovsky, the bust is the work of L. V. Posen, cast at the St. Petersburg plant of A. P. Moran.
During the Civil War, the estate was looted. In 1923, it was transferred to the Kislovodsk Cardiology Clinic and employees of the medical institution lived in the remaining houses.
The history of the museum is connected with the name of the Astrakhan artist Vladimir Vyacheslavovich Seklutsky (1907-1990), who came to Kislovodsk in 1946. Thanks to his professionalism and outstanding organizational talent, over several decades, he managed to collect a unique collection of Russian and Soviet fine art. In 1959, it was decided to create the "House-Museum of the Artist N. A. Yaroshenko" in Kislovodsk, and in March 1962, the museum was opened.
For many years, the museum's exposition was located only in one building - the "White Villa" - which received this name from the Yaroshenkov times. In the late 1990s, the estate regained its historical boundaries. After the restoration of all the remaining houses of the estate, expositions were opened in two "Guest wings".
The museum today is a unique art collection with a fund of more than 8 thousand items. The museum has the largest collection in Russia (80 works) of authentic works by N. A. Yaroshenko (1846-1898), presented in the permanent exhibition " White Villa. Painting and drawing by N. A. Yaroshenko".
The exhibition "Peredvizhniki" features works by Russian Peredvizhniki artists of the XIX-early XX century. Among the authors are V. Perov, I. Kramskoy, A. Kuindzhi, G. Myasoedov, brothers V. and K. Makovsky, F. Vasiliev, V. Vereshchagin, I. Levitan and others. A special pride of the museum is the memorial expositions of M. Nesterov, N. Dubovsky, A. Vasnetsov and N. Kasatkin, which feature works handed over to the museum by the descendants of artists.
The museum has a rich collection of works from the Soviet period. Traditionally, special attention is paid to the formation of the fund of artists of the Stavropol Territory and the republics of the North Caucasus. Every year, visitors are offered 20 temporary personal and thematic exhibitions in stationary conditions and 8 exhibitions outside the hospital.
The museum-estate of the artist N. A. Yaroshenko is a modern museum, which actively uses new technologies. Most of the paintings in the exhibition are equipped with QR codes, which contain all the necessary information for the visitor, and visitors are offered "audio guides" for permanent exhibitions.
For many years, the number of visitors to the museum exceeds 60 thousand people a year.
Special attention is paid to working with children and young people. These are events under the "Museum - School" program, designed for all age categories. For schoolchildren, there are sightseeing and thematic tours of permanent and temporary exhibitions. Creative and game forms (contests, quests, master classes, plein-airs, etc.) are actively introduced into practice.
In March-October 2019, the competition "The Heirs of N. A. Yaroshenko" was held for the first time, dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the museum's foundation. It was attended by students of secondary schools and secondary school named after N. A. Yaroshenko in Kislovodsk. The exhibition of N. A. Yaroshenko's works was decorated with an exhibition of children's drawings.
Nikolai Alexandrovich Yaroshenko entered the history of Russian art as a peredvizhnik artist who served the principles of high spirituality, humanism, honor and conscience. Perfectly educated, who knew several foreign languages perfectly, Yaroshenko enjoyed authority and well-deserved respect among fellow artists, friends and like-minded people.
After graduating from the Academy of Fine Arts in 1874, N. A. Yaroshenko married Maria Pavlovna Navrotina, who became his faithful companion and friend until the end of his life. The first visit of the young couple to Kislovodsk belongs to the same period. In the St. Petersburg apartment of Yaroshenko, the famous "Yaroshenkov Saturdays" were held, which became a kind of club of the progressive St. Petersburg intelligentsia. There were famous writers: Garshin, Uspensky, Korolenko, artists Repin, Kuindzhi, Polenov, Maksimov, artists Strepetova, scientists Mendeleev, Pavlov.
The same atmosphere of Yaroshenko was transferred to Kislovodsk, to the dacha, which was purchased in 1885. Here gathered St. Petersburg friends, as well as a large society of famous artists, artists, scientists staying in the summer season on vacation and treatment. Of the many guests, it is enough to name only a few: these are artists M. V. Nesterov, N. A. Kasatkin, N. N. Dubovskaya, A. M. Vasnetsov, I. E. Repin, A. I. Kuindzhi, V. E. Borisov-Musatov.
Arranged large picnics, trips to the Castle of love and betrayal, on Saddle mountain, on a plateau Bergamet. Further trips were also made: along the Georgian Military and Ossetian roads, to Teberda, and to the foot of Elbrus. And a large number of paintings, sketches, and sketches were brought from everywhere
The Museum regularly hosts music "Eroshenkova Saturday", in which the sound of the classic works of prominent authors.
Manor area allows you to hold mass events in the open air concerts, festivals, games, and traditional treats.